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20:1 Sexual Assault Prevention Program

The 20:1 Sexual Assault Prevention Program is a peer education program with an emphasis on Greek Life and Athletics. 20:1 peer interns educate other students on issues of sexual assault prevention including: victim empathy, sexual consent, and bystander behavior.

20:1 is a nationally recognized program acknowledged by California Coalition against Sexual Assault (CALCASA) and the United States Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (DoD SAPRO) as a best practice model for sexual assault prevention.

20:1 was originally a sexual assault prevention peer education program composed of leaders from the University's diverse fraternities. These men voluntarily educated other fraternity members and other men's groups on issues regarding sexual assault prevention. 20:1 was established in 2004. Currently 20:1 is a credit bearing internship with both male and female peers. Although an emphasis is still on providing sexual assault prevention education to Greek Life and Athletics, 20:1 has expanded providing education to a wide variety of students across campus.

The main goals of this group are to: bring about awareness of possible sexual assault situations, define consent, explore bystander behavior, provide information on how to handle and support victims, and provide resource information.  .  The name of the group '20:1' represents the approximately twenty women per hour that are sexually assaulted each day in the United States, was chosen by the fraternity peer educators.

Binghamton University has developed a three tiered prevention program, addressing different areas of prevention through an Empathy-Based Program, an Awareness-Based Program, and a Bystander-Based Program, thus taking the program to a level that has not been done by other programs. The first tier, called the Empathy-Based Program, utilizes peer educators to elicit victim empathy, awareness around consent, victim blaming and rape myths. The second tier, the Awareness-Based Program, is designed to promote self awareness specifically around the issues of consent through the use of an interactive technique that allows participants to talk about their biases, personal acceptance or rejection of rape myths, and cultural constructs around sexuality and sexual assault. The third tier, the Bystander-Based Program, emerged from comments of participants who felt that they have become more aware of the problem and would like to help, but do not know what to do. This tier is designed to help fraternity men become more socially aware and willing to act to protect others. In addition, 20:1 has developed a Program for Women, addressing sexual consent, bystander behavior, victim blaming and predatory behavior.

This program is a collaboration effort by professional staff from the University Counseling Center, Fraternity/Sorority Affairs and the Educational Opportunity Program.  In the initial year the programs main goal was to design, recruit and train members for the Peer Education program. In its first year, all 25 social and multi-cultural fraternities on the Binghamton campus received the sexual prevention education.  In addition the 20:1 peer educators continue to provide New Member Education to all new fraternity members in both the fall and spring semesters. In the academic year 2009-2010, 20:1 provided education to all athletic teams as well as continued to provide prevention education to fraternities and to all fraternity/sorority new members. This emphasis on Greek Life and Athletics continues to be a priority for 20:1 as the program expands on the Binghamton Campus and beyond.

The 20:1 peer educators have also become first responders, in that they have become the first to whom student victims and friends of victims began to turn to for assistance when needing help with intimate violence incidents and its aftermath. This is an unexpected outcome of the Binghamton University program.  However, through the training the peer educators received, they felt confident in responding and making the appropriate referrals.

20:1 has presented this program nationally, including invited presentations three time since 2006 by CALCASA in conjunction with the Department of Justice (DOJ) and a Webinar for 60 Universities in Fall 2007It has been noted by CALCASA that Binghamton University is one of the only programs to be able to form a fraternity sexual assault prevention men's program and sustain it. 20:1 has also been invited to present a webinar for the DoD SAPRO to military to help apply 20:1 best practices concepts to U.S. military. 20:1 was also highlighted in the November 20th issue in The Chronicle of Higher Education on rape prevention programs. 20:1 professional staff and peer educators have been asked by numerous universities to consult to set up programs similar to this one.

Currently, the 20:1 program is run by Dara Raboy-Picciano, LCW-R, who co-founded the program and Randall Edouard, EOP. This year the peer educators receive internship credit for their participation in the program. This year the 20:1 program is piloting a "sister" program called the 20:1 Bystander Intervention Program, which is separate peer education internship focused on bystander intervention. The 20:1 Bystander Intervention Program for Students is a sister program to the original 20:1 Sexual Assault Prevention Program and derives from the Third Tier: The Bystander Program. 20:1 acknowledges the wide range of areas of interpersonal violence that is prevalent on college campuses, and as a result, this program expands beyond sexual assault prevention, offering education on a variety of topics around interpersonal violence prevention.

The new Bystander Intervention Program for all students functions as a forum for students to learn about sexual assault prevention, domestic violence, hate crimes/bullying, hazing and other incidents of potential situations of interpersonal violence where there might be opportunity for bystander intervention. A critical part of this new program focuses on what influences the decision making process as it relates to student's individual experiences and perspectives. The program utilizes an interactive format with the fundamental purpose of engaging the audiences in meaningful dialogue.

In addition in 2013, 20:1 is piloting a new program for ROTC cadet with the first ever sexual assault education program reaching out to the ROTC.



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Last Updated: 9/25/13