To: The Faculty Senate and Voting Faculty
From: Faculty Senate Executive Committee
Faculty Senate Educational Policy and Priorities Committee
Date: June 12, 2003
Subject: Dual-Diploma Bachelors Degree in Information Systems
According to the Binghamton University Faculty Bylaws, one of the charges of the Educational Policy and Priorities Committee (EPPC) along with the Faculty Senate Executive Committee (FSEC), and when appropriate, the Faculty Senate Budget Review Committee, is to review administrative proposals requiring expeditious action. Such review shall include but not be limited to the creation or elimination of, or significant increases or decreases, in the funding and/or personnel of programs, schools, colleges, or departments.
During the Spring semester of the 2002-03 academic year, the Watson School and the Provosts office submitted a proposal for a SUNY-YOK Dual-Diploma Bachelors Degree in Information Systems to be offered by Binghamton University and two partner universities in Turkey: Bogazici University and Istanbul Technical University. The proposal is, in many respects, similar to the Dual Diploma Bachelors Degree program in Global and International Affairs, accepted by the Faculty Senate on May 13, 2003. Because the new Information Systems program is slated to begin (in Turkey, where the students spend their first and third years) in Fall, 2003, and because the Turkish university admissions process takes place in August, it was deemed that this proposal is one that requires expeditious action.
The EPPC and the FSEC met jointly on June 11, 2003 to discuss the Dual-Diploma Information Systems proposal. Also attending the meeting were Mary Ann Swain, Binghamton University Provost, Roger Westgate, Dean of the Watson School, Kanad Ghose, Chair of the Computer Science Department, and Katharine Krebs, Director of International Programs. Quorums for both committees were established. After considerable discussion about curricular, administrative, and financial issues, the EPPC voted unanimously (6-0-0) to recommend accepting the proposal and officially forward it to the FSEC. The Executive Committee then voted unanimously (8-0-0) to accept the recommendation of the EPPC. The complete proposal follows.
Cc: Mary Ann Swain, Provost
H. Stephen Straight, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education
Charles R. Westgate, Dean, Watson School
Kanad Ghose, Chair, Department of Computer Science
Katharine Krebs, Director, International Programs
Offered By Binghamton University and Two Partner Universities in Turkey: Boğaziçi University and Istanbul Technical University
The SUNY- YÖK* dual-diploma bachelors degree in Information Systems offers students at two prominent research universities in Istanbul, Turkey, a unique program of study in high-level substantive knowledge and technical skills for careers in a variety of high-technology areas. This four-year program includes full-time enrollment for the sophomore year and the senior year at Binghamton University, a Doctoral/Research-Extensive university and the SUNY campus most noted for its undergraduate excellence, its comprehensive internationalization, and its history of fruitful association with Turkish universities. Students in this dual-diploma program meet all of the requirements for a Bachelor of Science degree at Binghamton Universitys Thomas J. Watson School of Engineering and Applied Science and for a Lisans degree at their home Turkish institution, whether that be Boğaziçi (Bosphorus) University or Istanbul Technical University.
The Information Systems program provides graduates with a firm foundation in the analysis, design, and application of computing and information systems. Information Systems includes the organization and use of computing systems and networks to represent, communicate, and retrieve information essential to both large and small industries and to government agencies. Considerable emphasis is placed on automating industrial and business processes, data mining and warehousing, and on designing tools to aid decision making in a wide variety of settings.
The program offers both depth and breadth in computer science and engineering by instilling strong analytical skills with the fundamentals of information systems, algorithms, software engineering, database systems, data networks, computer organization, e-commerce and information security. Business and management courses introduce real-world perspectives. A senior design sequence prepares the graduates for success in entry-level positions in Information Systems and for continued career development.
Graduates of the program attain the following educational objectives:
1. A firm grounding in the fundamentals of information systems.
2. An ability to analyze, design, and develop information systems, computing systems, and networks.
3. An understanding of the real-world perspectives, including business and management principles, of the applications of information systems.
4. An appreciation for life-long learning.
One of several dual-diploma degree programs developed with the support of SUNY System Administration and the Turkish Higher Education Council (YÖK), this program in Information Systems leads to the awarding of a single degree simultaneously by two institutions, one in Turkey and the other in the United States. Although degree recipients receive two diplomas, one from each institution, both diplomas refer to the degree in the same manner, and no student can receive the degree or either of the diplomas without satisfying the academic requirements of both institutions. This program has the following purposes:
Background on the Two Turkish University Partners
Boğaziçi (Bosphorus) University
Boğaziçi University has its origins in Robert College, founded in 1863 as the first American college outside the boundaries of the United States. As the premier English-medium component of the 53-campus Turkish public university system, Boğaziçi (http://www.boun.edu.tr/) was established in 1971. Its main campus is located on the European side of the Bosphorus above the Rumelihisar (Thracian fortress) built in 1452 as the Boğaz Kesen (throat cutter) to deny the last Byzantine emperor access to the Black Sea during the siege that led to the fall of Constantinople in 1453 and its rebirth as Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Enrollments at Boğaziçi are about 9,600 (with 7,800 undergraduates) in Arts and Sciences (ten departments), Engineering (six departments), Economics and Administrative Sciences (three departments), and Education (five departments). There are also a School of Applied Disciplines (international trade, management information systems, and tourism administration), a School of Foreign Languages, the Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History, and service departments in fine arts and physical education.
Boğaziçi has a tradition of undergraduate academic excellence, recruiting its students from the top 1% of high school graduates. Nonetheless, Boğaziçi identifies itself primarily as a research university. The mission of the University is to generate knowledge of world-class quality, to expand the scientific horizons of Turkey, and to educate individuals who will ensure the highest standards of science and technology in the development of society. To achieve this mission, Boğaziçi holds excellence at the international level as its prime measure of faculty achievement and aims to maintain and enhance its standing as a research and educational institution of global standing. Current Boğaziçi-U.S. exchange programs enroll students from Arizona, Baylor, Binghamton, George Washington, Georgia State, Illinois, Iowa State, Louisiana State, Michigan State, North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Oklahoma, Texas-Austin, Washington, West Virginia, and several liberal arts colleges. The language of instruction at Boğaziçi is English.
Istanbul Technical University (ITU)
Istanbul Technical University (ITU), founded in 1773 by decree of Sultan Mustafa III as the Imperial Naval Engineers School, added architecture to its education in shipbuilding and marine cartography in 1847. By the turn of the 20th century this expanded Imperial Military Engineers School was providing engineering and architectural education of all sorts for the burgeoning infrastructure of modern Turkey. In 1944 the institution incorporated the separate Engineering Academy and received its current name. Since its inclusion in Turkeys new national university system in 1973, ITU (http://www.itu.edu.tr) has continued at the forefront of technological education of the Turkish Republic. With 22,000 students (with more than 13,000 undergraduates) on five campuses in the Istanbul area, ITU is undergoing a consolidation to move most programs to the modern, very attractive main Ayazaga campus. ITU has faculties of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Architecture, Chemical and Metallurgic Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Management, Maritime Sciences, Mechanical Engineering, Mining, Naval Architecture and Naval Engineering, and Science and Letters, as well as the Turkish State Music Conservatory and research institutes in Euro-Asian Geological Science, Information Technology, Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology, and Social Sciences and departments of Fine Arts, Languages and History of Atatürk Reforms, and Physical Education. The efforts and expertise of ITU graduates have been major contributors in the planning and construction of Turkeys roads, bridges, dams, factories, buildings, energy plants, communication networks, villages and cities. The United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is working with ITU to develop a curriculum to train professional emergency managers.
ITU's vision is to continue to develop as a world university. It has 100+ academic and research partnerships with universities around the globe, including American University, Carnegie Mellon, Colorado School of Mines, Connecticut, Florida International, Illinois, Louisiana State, North Carolina State, Oklahoma State, Texas A&M, Virginia, and others in the U. S. ITUs mission is to continue to compete as a university in the world arena through activities of education, research, and development that support projects contributing directly to society as well as to technological development and universal science. ITU 's educational objectives are to graduate people who:
The program described here uses English exclusively as the language of instruction. As ITU prepares to play a stronger role in international education, it now offers one third of its courses in English. ITUs Master of Arts program in Science, Technology, and Society is also taught in English.
DETAILED PROGRAM DESCRIPTION
Turkish high school preparatory work is rigorous and applicants to this dual-diploma degree program must meet Binghamton's admissions standards. At the Turkish end, admission to the program is granted only to applicants with a minimum Turkish university Student Selection Examination (ÖSS, http://www.osym.gov.tr/) score of 130 (at or above the 85th percentile), and a composite score (based on ÖSS score, high school weighting, and high school performance) of 150 (at or above the 80th percentile). On the basis of a careful review of the secondary-school graduation requirements, the ÖSS/SAT equivalencies, and the percentile distributions of ÖSS and composite scores, Binghamton admissions has concluded that applicants who meet the Turkish standard are expected to meet Binghamton admissions standards. However, the academic particulars of every applicant must be sent to Binghamton for review prior to the admission of students to this program. Furthermore, prior to enrollment at Binghamton additional information is required from each student for the issuance of visas and travel documents by the U.S. government, whose approval cannot be guaranteed by Binghamton University at the time of admission to the program. [Note: Although this program focuses primarily on the needs of Turkish students, American students would in principle be eligible to apply to this program using the existing foreign-student application process for admission to one of the programs Turkish partner universities, which includes taking the Turkish University Entrance Examination for Foreigners (YÖS). However, we do not anticipate much, if any, demand for this, though it would be a low-cost, high-quality opportunity for an American student.]
English is the sole language of instruction for this program. Students who qualify for admission to our two Turkish university partners sometimes may not be sufficiently fluent in English to enroll in this program, specifically a 550 or better on the U.S. Test Of English as a Foreign Language (213 on the electronic version). (Boğaziçis curriculum is entirely English-medium, while ITUs is 30 percent and growing note that one of ITUs stated educational objectives is to graduate people who speak English well.) Applicants who are otherwise qualified for admission must postpone their entry into the program for one year to study English intensively, and if they do not achieve the required score, they have to start the university admissions process over again. In any case, therefore, students in this program come to Binghamton only after they have attained the minimum TOEFL score and successfully completed the first full year of English-medium study in the program in Turkey.
Each of our two Turkish university partners aims for a steady-state program admission rate of 30-35 students per year. This rate, allowing for attrition over the four years of the program, should result eventually in a steady-state level of 100 students per year enrolled at Binghamton. In the first year of the program the Turkish universities will admit cohorts of 50 because nearly half of the eligible applicants each year can be expected to need a year of English language study before they can enter the program. This should yield an enrollment of 50 students at Binghamton in the second year of the program, the first year that Binghamton will enroll program participants. Another cohort will enter the program that year at the partner universities and will be adjusted in size to yield an expected 50 enrollees at Binghamton in year three. The Turkish universities will adjust their admissions upward in year three so that in the fourth year or soon thereafter enrollment Binghamton can reach its expected steady-state annual enrollment of 100, consisting of 54 second-year students and, with an attrition rate of about 15 percent between year two and year four, 46 fourth-year students.
Despite the tuition and costs associated with full-time enrollment for two years of this program for Turkish students, most of them will be retained not only because of its inherently high academic value but also because enrollment at Binghamton for the final two semesters will make degree recipients eligible to apply to extend their stay in the U.S. for an additional year of practical training in a job related to their area of study. The prospect of such employment, and its effects not only on the quality of their professional training but also on their competitiveness in the global job market, seems likely to make this program very attractive to Turkish students.
Because this degree in Information Systems is based on a single, integrated set of academic courses, it is a single rather than a double degree. That is, students do not receive degrees in two different fields from the two universities cooperating in the design and delivery of the program. At the same time, because this academic work satisfies all of the degree requirements for each of the two institutional partners to the program, graduates of this program do receive two diplomas, one from Binghamton University in SUNY and the other from either Boğaziçi University or Istanbul Technical University. To clearly indicate that the diplomas represent a single rather than two different degrees, the two diplomas employ identical wording to indicate that this degree in Information Systems is awarded on the basis of a single program completed at two universities.
Students in this program are subject to the standards for good academic standing and all other academic and non-academic rules and regulations at both of their institutions for the duration of their enrollment in the program. For example, the rules that Binghamton applies regarding a minimum grade point average of 2.0 for graduation and for good academic standing hold for all students in this program, as do the rules regarding the counting of credits toward the degree. In addition, students who fail to stay on track with regard to meeting program requirements in accordance with the year-by-year demands of the program, through failure to successfully complete required courses as they are offered, are subject to dismissal from the program.
Minimum Credits and Name for the Dual-Diploma Bachelors Degree in Information Systems: 146-148 credits (70-72 credits at Binghamton, depending on which Turkish university a student comes from 70 if from Boğaziçi University, 72 if from Istanbul Technical University plus 76 from the students Turkish university), see details in table below. Binghamton University degree: Bachelor of Science. Turkish degree from either Boğaziçi University or Istanbul Technical University: Lisans.
Specific Course Requirements
The Turkish partners and Binghamton specify which courses are available to students in this program in a given semester during the preceding semester. Binghamton provides advising prior to students arrival in Binghamton and during their stay to ensure that they enroll in courses appropriate to their individual academic and personal backgrounds, needs, and interests. The table below provides a sample list of courses students would take in each semester of the four-year program. As indicated in the table, the program curriculum varies somewhat by institution, and this joint program requires the demanding academic load typical of Turkish Universities.
SUNY-YÖK Information Systems Curriculum
Calculus I (4)
Physics I (4)
Linear Algebra (4)
Programming I (3)
Intro to Information Sys. and Tech. (2)
Turkish I (2)
Calculus II (4)
Physics II (4)
ITU: Gen Ed (3)
BoU: Intro to Mgmt Info. Systems (3)
Discrete Mathematics (3)
Programming II (4)
Turkish II (2)
GUI Programming (4)
General Education (4)
Technical Communication (2)
ITU: Physical Activity and Wellness (2)
Probability and statistics(4)
Data Structures and Algorithms (4)
Gen Ed: Oral Communn & Composition (4)
Computer Architecture & Org. (4)
General Education Elective (4)
ITU: Intro to Mgmt Info. Systems (4)
BoU: Physical activity/wellness(2)
BoU: 18 credits, ITU: 20 credits
BoU: Multimedia Systems (3)
ITU: Signals and Systems (3)
Telecommunication Systems (3)
Operating Systems (4)
Software Engineering (4)
Turkish History I (2)
IT system analysis and design(3)
BoU: Science or Technical Elective (3)
ITU: Technical Elective (3)
BoU: Technical Elective (3)
ITU: General Education (3)
Turkish History II (2)
Data warehousing and mining (4)
Business/management elective (4)
BoU: Gen. Ed. Elective (4)
ITU: Multimedia Systems (4)
Senior Project I (3)
Technical elective (4)
Computer Security (4)
Business/Management Elective (4)
Senior Project II (3)
Curriculum variations specific to students at or from each Turkish university partner, Boğaziçi University and Istanbul Technical University, are noted by BoU or ITU preceding the course. In Years I and III (which are shaded in the table) these courses are taken at the respective Turkish partner university, while in Years II and IV these courses are taken at Binghamton University.
Total Required Credits
Boğaziçi University: 146 credits
The above program meets all requirements for a bachelors degree program in Information Systems required by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), as indicated in the following summary of the ABET Computing Accreditation Commissions 2003-2004 INFORMATION SYSTEMS CRITERIA. These follow the Association for Computing Machinery IS 2002 Guidelines (http://www.acm.org/education/curricula.html#IS2002), based on IS '97: Model Curriculum and Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Information Systems. The Watson School will seek ABET accreditation as soon as the first graduates complete their degrees.
ABET CAC 2003-2004 INFORMATION SYSTEMS CRITERIA
I. 30 semester hours of study in information systems topics
II. 15 semester hours of study in IS environment, such as business
III. 9 semester hours of study in quantitative analysis
IV. 30 semester hours of general education
Turkish (common to all Turkish universities):
Two semesters of Turkish language (2 credits each, total of 4)
Two semesters of modern Turkish history (2 credits each, total of 4)
Binghamton University (approved course equivalents in each of the following categories may be taken at Turkish universities approval of equivalents is made by Binghamtons University Undergraduate Curriculum Committee in accordance with its established guidelines for each of the Gen Ed requirement categories):
1. Language and Communication
a. Composition (C): To be met in Year Two with a Binghamton H course (see below)
b. Oral Communication (O): To be met with same course as above
c. Foreign Language: Met by level of proficiency in both Turkish and English
2. Creating a Global Vision
a. Pluralism in the U.S. (P): To be met in Year Two or Four with a Binghamton P course designed for students who lack background in basic U.S. history
b. Global Interdependencies (G): To be met in Year Two or Four with a Binghamton G course
3. Science and Mathematics
a. Laboratory Science (L): To be met in Year One with Physics courses taken in Turkey
b. Social Science (N): To be met by Boğaziçi students in Year Three with the required modern Turkish history course modified so as to provide an introduction to history as a scholarly discipline and by ITU students in Year One or Three with a course on Science, Technology, and Society
c. Mathematics/Reasoning (M): To be met in Year One with Calculus courses taken in Turkey
4. Aesthetic Perspective
a. Aesthetics (A): To be met by Boğaziçi students in Year Two or Four with a Binghamton A course and by ITU students in Year One or Three with an ITU course in the fine arts
b. Humanities (H): To be met in Year Two with a Binghamton H course that also satisfies the C and O requirements (see above)
5. Physical Activity/Wellness: To be met in Year Two with a Binghamton B course
Academic Approval Process at Binghamton University
The Computer Science faculty approved this Information Systems program unanimously. The Academic Affairs Committee of the Watson School reviewed the proposal and approved it unanimously. After endorsement by the Faculty Senate Educational Policy and Priorities Committee and Executive Committee, the program was approved by a majority vote of the Binghamton University Faculty Senate.
Impact on Binghamton University Academic Programs
The program requires the introduction of three new courses in the Computer Science Department in the Watson School of Engineering and Applied Science: One 2-credit course (Introduction to Information Systems and Technology) and a two-course sequence of 3-credit courses: Senior Project I and Senior Project II. All other courses are currently offered in Watson, the School of Management, and the Harpur College of Arts and Sciences. The attached financial model illustrates the revenue and expenditures associated with the enrollments generated by the program and the additional faculty, staff, and other resources these enrollments demand. The projection shows that three new faculty are required in Watson, one new faculty member in Harpur, and .75 new faculty in SOM. The SOM faculty count is determined from the semester-hour load by formula imposed by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB), SOMs accrediting body. The other faculty count derives from a calculation used by the Provosts Office that yields one new faculty member for every 25 FTE newly enrolled students.
The surplus shown on the spreadsheets reflects the difference between revenue and direct costs. Additional indirect costs for administrative costs typically represent at most 25% of the direct costs. The revenue reflects a tuition increase of $200 and a reduced PBBA due to state budget reductions. Thus, the model is conservative and the program can be self-supporting even with reduced enrollments.
* YÖK = Turkish acronym for Higher Education Council, the government entity that oversees higher education in Turkey.