Binghamton University discoveries power the state's economy and improve quality of life for its residents.
At Binghamton University, research is not just an abstract word. Here there is an environment where amazing thinkers can develop truly fresh solutions to important problems. Researchers in virtually every field are exploring the frontiers of their disciplines and making discoveries that will have major impacts on the way we live.
- Scott Craver, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, won the prestigious Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor the federal government gives to scientists and engineers in the early stages of their independent research careers. The $1 million, five-year grant will allow him and his team to continue research in counter-deception. Craver’s computer security research has national security implications and he has received support from the U.S. Air Force in his search to uncover hidden messages that criminals may be transmitting across the Internet.
- Christopher Bishop, assistant professor of psychology, is investigating how to suppress the involuntary movements associated with Parkinson’s disease treatments. He believes current drug therapies actually stimulate “memories” of movement, and he’s looking for ways to suppress these memories. If successful, his work could revolutionize how Parkinson’s is treated.
- Isidore Okpewho, distinguished professor of Africana Studies, recently completed a Guggenheim Fellowship researching African mythology in the New World. His research is helping to construct an identity for those who were brought to America from Africa. His areas of specialization are in African and comparative literatures, with an emphasis on comparative oral traditions. A prolific writer, he is the author, co-author or editor of 15 books and novels, as well as dozens of articles.
- Francis J. Yammarino, distinguished professor of management and director of the Center for Leadership Studies, is nationally recognized for his research into leadership, teamwork and multi-level organizations. He regularly teaches undergraduate courses on organizational behavior in the School of Management.
- Jessica Fridrich, professor of electrical and computer engineering, and her research team discovered that every digital camera is left with its own distinctive electronic "fingerprint" during manufacturing, and that this unique identifier is hidden in every picture a particular camera takes. Hidden, that is, until a sophisticated set of algorithms developed by Fridrich and her team is applied. Fridrich's breakthrough cuts through uncertainty about the origin of images in record time and with unflagging accuracy to authenticate communications from suspected terrorists or tie a photo to a particular camera for a courtroom conviction.
- Biologist David Davies thought of a new way to protect people from a potentially fatal kind of bacteria. He discovered that bacteria communicate with each other through chemical signals to form tough, slimy layers called “biofilms.” In 2006, Davies found a molecule that could break up these biofilms, making the bacteria more vulnerable to antibacterial assault. His findings could make it easier for physicians to treat many chronic diseases including pneumonia and certain types of heart disease. Furthermore, stopping the industrial corrosion caused by biofilms — like the corrosion that ate through part of the Alaska oil pipeline — could prevent environmental damage and save billions of dollars in damages around the world.
- Weiyi Meng, professor of computer science, is making online search engines smarter by pioneering large-scale metasearch-engine technology that harnesses the power of numerous small search engines to come up with faster, more accurate and more complete results.
- Mary Muscari, associate professor of nursing at Binghamton and a nurse practitioner, wants to reduce youth violence by educating parents and kids. This nationally known expert on parenting has written five books and conducts workshops around the country that deal with keeping kids safe from predators and raising nonviolent children.
- More is less. When it comes to math, more homework may be too much for some students. That’s the result of a study by Daniel Henderson, associate professor of economics at Binghamton, who found that although assigning more homework helps high- and low-achieving students perform better on math tests, it’s less effective for average students. He suggests educators look for other methods to drive achievement when it comes to average learners.
- Researchers at the University’s Center for Advanced Sensor Research and Environmental Systems are hard at work developing ways to lower mortality by noninvasively detecting cancer and other diseases with handheld DNA monitors.
- An amazing sensor that will target and identify many chemicals at the same time, unlike today's single-chemical sensors, has received significant funding from the U.S. Air Force. It was developed by NSC Technology, a business start-up that grew out of research by chemistry Professor C.J. Zhong, who has been contacted by several investors interested in his plans to develop a sensor to detect diabetes by analyzing a patient's breath.
- At Binghamton’s Center for Advanced Microelectronics Manufacturing (CAMM), director Bahgat Sammakia is overseeing research into roll-to-roll (R2R) flexible electronics that could be printed on a roll of flexible plastic or metal foil. This technology could one day lead to computers the size and shape of a ballpoint pen or to biomedical and environmental sensors that are woven right into articles of clothing.
- In 2007-08, Binghamton faculty filed 28 new technology disclosures and 19 patent applications, all with the help of Binghamton’s Office of Technology Transfer and Innovation Partnerships. The office helps faculty move breakthrough concepts from campus to the marketplace, with the goal of maximizing returns to the inventors, the University and the region.
And that's just for starters.
- Research at Binghamton University is growing faster than at any other school in the SUNY system. In fact, Binghamton has the second-fastest growing research function for all schools in New York state as the strength of our ideas continues to attract attention and excitement from outside funding sources.
- Binghamton University is in the process of expanding its Innovative Technologies Complex (ITC) to provide a nurturing environment for more start-up companies that will bring high-paying, high-tech jobs to our neighborhoods. Already, Binghamton researchers have populated this cluster with 10 businesses.